Do Ducks Eat Frogs and Tadpoles? Ducks That Might Surprise You

Last updated on March 10th, 2024 at 08:57 am

Do Ducks Eat Frogs? Ducks have a voracious appetite for frogs, indulging in a variety of frog species without hesitation. As omnivores, ducks exhibit a broad culinary spectrum, devouring creatures smaller than themselves with enthusiasm. Frogs, a prominent part of their menu, offer crucial nutrients contributing to a wild duck’s robust diet. These amphibians significantly sustain ducks’ vitality, forming a substantial portion of their food intake.

In addition to frogs, ducks also eat snails, worms, small fish, and slugs while foraging around your lawn and pond. However, they prefer smaller prey, making it unlikely for them to tackle large frogs like bullfrogs in backyard settings. While frogs are not a duck’s usual meal, if you see a duck eating one, it might indicate insufficient feeding. Nonetheless, there are exceptions to this behavior.

Do Ducks Eat Frogs! The Duck is catching the frog in the water

Key Takeaways:

  • While geese and swans are not classified as ducks, the world still boasts approximately 100 distinct species of ducks. Among them are 38 distinct species of dabbling ducks, known for their tendency to stick their bottoms out in the water.
  • Ducks derive their name from the Old English word “ducan,” meaning to duck or dive, a skill they excel at. Four species known for their diving abilities, including Canvasbacks, redheads, scaup, and ring-necked ducks, are native to North America.
  • Diving ducks like canvasbacks, scaups, mergansers, and ruddies are adept at fully submerging underwater for 30-60 seconds to catch food. Their streamlined bodies and strong legs, specialized for swimming and diving, enable them to access food sources that are unreachable from the surface.
  • Ducks typically consume about 1/3 pound of food daily, but before migrating, they can increase their intake to as much as 1 pound per day to build up fat reserves.
  • Ducks can spend up to 60% of daylight hours searching for food sources.

What Are Frogs?

Do Ducks Eat Frogs! Do Ducks Eat Frogs

Frogs, the remarkable amphibians, boast shades of green, brown, black, yellow, orange, and blue. Sporting webbed feet and agile legs for jumping, these creatures vary in size, typically 4-7 inches, depending on their type.

Feeding insects, including mosquitoes and flies, is a common practice among most frogs. Surprisingly, some frogs embrace carnivorous tendencies, devouring smaller frogs and venturing indoors. The Cuban tree frog, for instance, stands out for its prowess in capturing insects and small rodents like rats and mice.

Do Ducks Eat Frogs?

Yes, most ducks will consume any species of frog. Contrary to whimsical tales, ducks and frogs are far from allies. In the realm of survival, they emerge as adversaries driven by instinct. Ducks, masters of water and land, exhibit a ruthless pragmatism in their diet – frogs are no exception. Even as they enjoy dual habitats, the relationship between ducks and frogs is marked by predation, reflecting the harsh reality of nature’s dynamics.

Ducks’ insatiable hunger knows no bounds – if it’s smaller, it’s fair game. The relentless pursuit of sustenance overrules camaraderie. While frogs are just one among various food sources for ducks, their inclusion highlights the intricate balance that sustains ecosystems. Ducks’ adaptability and curiosity fuel their unselective approach to food, showcasing their integral role in the complex web of life.

Do Ducks Eat Frogs And Toads?

Yes, ducks do consume both frogs and toads. Female and male Mallard ducks show a notable appetite for these amphibians, particularly during the nesting season. Researchers have observed that female mallards actively hunt frogs and toads as a source of sustenance, while males tend to seize them from the females.

Interestingly, even Black ducks prioritize toads in their diet over vegetation.

Despite toads producing bufotoxin, a poisonous secretion that can deter predators, research from the University of New Mexico indicates that ducks can consume toads without experiencing regurgitation or irritation. However, it’s generally assumed that most ducks prefer frogs over toads, and they typically prefer the food provided by their caretakers over either of these amphibians.

Do Ducks Eat Tadpoles?

Understanding the frog life cycle reveals an intriguing fact: while frogs lay many eggs, only a fraction survive to become tadpoles, and fewer still transform into frogs. Surprisingly, ducks prefer frog eggs and tadpoles over fully grown frogs. Both frog eggs and tadpoles are easier for ducks to consume, as they are smaller and more manageable. Additionally, tadpoles are often found in shallower areas and on the water’s surface, making them easier targets for ducks.

In the wild, tadpoles serve as a significant food source for ducks, especially during times of food scarcity. However, in captivity, it’s unlikely that ducks will consume frogs at any stage of their life cycle.

What Types of Frogs Do Ducks Eat?

Ducks have a diverse palate for frog species, with preferences influenced by their habitat. Numerous frog varieties found near ponds and water bodies in the United States have become prime duck fare. These frogs lack the poison often associated with their amphibian counterparts, making them safe for consumption. Notable examples of frogs that ducks may find appetizing include

Frog TypeHabitat Suitability
BullfrogsPonds, Water Bodies
Leopard frogsPonds, Wetlands
Pickerel frogsPonds, Marshes
Marsh frogMarshes, Wetlands
Pond frogsPonds, Water Edges
Wood frogWoodlands, Ponds

Certain frogs wield potent toxins in different global regions, often signaled by their vibrant colors. This natural warning system discourages predators, including ducks, from approaching. By instinct, ducks steer clear of these colorful yet perilous species. This intriguing interplay of frog diversity and duck dietary preferences underscores the complex predator-prey dynamics within a diverse ecosystem

Health Benefits Of Frogs For Ducks

  • Nutritional Diversity: Frogs offer ducks a rich source of essential nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. These components contribute to ducks’ overall health, energy levels, and proper growth.
  • A Balanced Diet: Incorporating frogs into their diet adds diversity to ducks’ meals, ensuring they receive a balanced range of nutrients. This dietary variety supports ducks’ well-being and immune system.
  • Digestive Enzymes: Frogs provide ducks with a natural source of digestive enzymes. These enzymes aid in breaking down food and improving nutrient absorption, promoting optimal digestion.
  • Natural Foraging Skills: Hunting frogs engage ducks’ natural foraging instincts. This activity enhances their mental and physical stimulation, contributing to their overall vitality and well-being.
  • Population Control: Ducks’ consumption of frogs helps regulate frog populations. This ecological balance prevents overpopulation and maintains a healthy equilibrium within ecosystems.

Do Ducks Eat Frogs Eggs?

The frog laid eggs in the water

Yes, ducks do eat frog eggs under certain circumstances. The relationship between ducks and frog eggs is a fascinating aspect of their dietary habits and the delicate balance of the ecosystem.

In the life cycle of frogs, they begin by laying eggs, which hatch into tadpoles, eventually metamorphosing into fully grown frogs. Ducks, being opportunistic feeders, will indeed consume frog spawns or eggs if they encounter them, especially when they need sustenance.

Interestingly, when given a choice between consuming a fully grown frog and its eggs, ducks often opt for the eggs. This preference is attributed to practical reasons. Even the smallest frogs can be challenging for ducks to consume without posing a risk of choking. In contrast, frog eggs provide a protein-rich meal that is easier for ducks to ingest.

Moreover, frog eggs remain stationary, unlike the mobile and agile frogs, making them an accessible target for ducks to capture.


In the realm of nature’s intricacies, the question “Do ducks eat frogs?” takes us on a journey through the nuanced interactions of predator and prey. Ducks, versatile creatures of land and water, have been known to include frogs in their diet. While fairytales may paint tales of friendship between frogs and ducks, reality often unfolds a different narrative. Ducks, driven by their instinctual need for sustenance, have been observed consuming frogs, tadpoles, and even frog eggs.

Your ducks may not always be as innocent as they appear while paddling around your pond. Depending on the duck species you own, you might observe them consuming frogs. However, as long as they receive a rich and varied diet, it’s likely that your ducks will peacefully coexist with frogs in their swim space.


1. Why do ducks eat frogs?

Ducks are opportunistic feeders, meaning they consume a wide range of foods to meet their dietary needs. Frogs, being a readily available food source near water bodies, become a part of the ducks’ menu. The nutritional value, ease of consumption, and adaptability of frogs to aquatic environments make them a viable choice for ducks.

2. Can ducks eat other amphibians besides frogs?

Yes, ducks may consume other amphibians like salamanders and newts, depending on their habitat and dietary preferences. Just like frogs, these amphibians can be part of a duck’s diet if they are found in suitable environments.

3. What other animals do ducks typically eat besides frogs?

Ducks have a varied diet that includes a range of animals and plants. Besides frogs, ducks commonly consume seeds, insects, small fish, crustaceans, aquatic plants, small mammals, worms, mollusks, and aquatic invertebrates. Their adaptable diet ensures they obtain the necessary nutrients from their environment to support their health and energy needs.



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