Last updated on January 1st, 2024 at 12:24 am
In the vast array of global fauna, numerous animals resemble the Roan Antelope, often leading to confusion among observers. Often mistaken for other similar animals globally, the Roan Antelope has a rich history, having been first described two centuries ago.
Examples of animals like Roan Antelope include Duiker, Impala, Oribi, Klipspringer, Eland, Greater Kudu, Steenbok, Dik-Dik, Reedbuck, and Nyala.
The Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus), a sizable savanna-dwelling antelope discovered in western, central, and southern Africa, is distinguished by its roan color—a reddish-brown hue. Notably, it exhibits lighter underbellies, white eyebrows, and cheeks, with black faces more pronounced in females.
The majestic Roan Antelope is a survivor, though its numbers have dwindled significantly over the years due to hunting and poaching. Encouragingly, ongoing efforts to protect the species are showing positive results.
They are huge
The Roan Antelope is a substantial creature, boasting impressive dimensions. It measures between 190 to 240 cm (75 to 94 inches) from the head to the base of the tail, with a tail length ranging from 37 to 48 cm (15 to 19 inches). Male Roan Antelopes weigh in at 242 to 300 kg (534 to 661 lb), while females range from 223 to 280 kg (492 to 617 lb). Additionally, their shoulder height reaches approximately 130 to 140 cm (51 to 55 inches).
10 Animals Like Roan Antelope
Scientific Name (family): Cephalophus
How are they like Roan Antelope: Similar to the Roan Antelope, the duiker is a browsing animal, mainly consuming leaves, grasses, shoots, and fruits.
There exist 22 species of duikers, which are medium-sized antelopes commonly found in the forested regions of sub-Saharan Africa.
Known for their elusive and timid nature, duikers prefer habitats with thick vegetation, allowing them to swiftly seek cover when they sense a threat.
The term “duiker” originates from the Afrikaans word for ‘to dive,’ reflecting the animal’s behavior of diving for cover when startled. Featuring compact bodies and short, thick necks, duikers navigate seamlessly even through the densest forests.
The size of a duiker is influenced by its species, location, and diet. The amount of available food in the animal’s habitat is directly linked to its body size. Interestingly, certain duiker species, like the common duiker, exhibit a notable size difference between males and females, with females being larger.
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Scientific Name: Aepyceros melampus
How are they like Roan Antelope: Similar to the Roan Antelope, they graze and browse, nibbling on grasses, flowers, fruits, leaves, and vegetables.
Renowned for their speed, impalas can reach 50 miles per hour in short bursts, complemented by impressive jumping skills, clearing heights of up to 10 feet and covering 30 feet in a single bound.
Distinctive features include curved horns, specific to males and growing up to 36 inches. Female impalas lack horns and are proportionately smaller
Typically, males are larger, forming bachelor groups of up to 30 members. The impala’s reddish-brown coats, white underbellies, and dark faces add to their distinctive appearance.
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Scientific Name: Ourebi ourebi
How are they like Roan Antelope: The female oribi closely resembles a Roan Antelope with its red-brown body coat and notably smaller body size compared to its male counterpart.
The oribi, classified as a dwarf antelope and considered the smallest ruminant, shares remarkable similarities with the Roan Antelope. Native to sub-Saharan Africa, this petite antelope has a slender build and a reddish-brown coat, with males sporting a distinctive tuft of black fur on their foreheads.
Standing at 20 to 30 inches tall and weighing around 30 pounds, oribis are found in wooded habitats, grasslands, and savannas, displaying water-independent behavior like the Roan Antelope.
Oribis, are herbivores that graze and browse, and consume grasses, foliage, herbs, flowers, and fruits. Known for their agility, they can jump up to three feet and bound over six feet, reaching speeds of 50 miles per hour in short bursts—an adaptation for escaping predators.
Scientific Name: Oreotragus oreotragus
How are they like Roan Antelope:
Native to eastern and southern Africa, the klipspringer stands as the sole remaining member of its genus. Thriving in rocky terrain unsuitable for farming or building, this antelope faces minimal habitat loss concerns.
Its mottled brown, gray, and reddish coat aids in blending into rocky surroundings, with fur thicker and coarser than that of gazelles and other African antelopes.
Standing at 17 to 23 inches tall, klipspringers sport short horn spikes. Forming bonded pairs, males and females stay within a 20-foot radius of each other for years, often a lifetime.
In terms of extinction risk, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies the klipspringer as “least concern.” This designation indicates that the species is currently not under any immediate threat of extinction.
Notably, the discussed species represent only a fraction of the subfamily, with numerous others distributed across 15 genera.
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Scientific Name: Taurotragus oryx
How are they like Roan Antelope: Both have long, spiral horns.
Unlike the dik-dik and the oribi, the eland stands out as a large African animal. Holding the title of the largest antelope species, elands can reach five feet tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 2,000 pounds.
Despite their substantial size, elands are known for their docile nature. In contrast to their large stature, they are the slowest among antelopes, with a top speed of around 25 miles per hour, and they can only sustain a trot of approximately 14 miles per hour for a limited duration.
While not renowned for their sprinting abilities, elands exhibit impressive jumping skills. When startled, they can leap more than eight feet into the air from a standing start.
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6. Greater Kudu
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Scientific Name: Tragelaphus strepsiceros
How are they like Roan Antelope: Male kudus share Roan Antelope-like beards and sport long horns that gracefully slant to the rear. These horns are notable for their elegant twist.
The greater kudu, belonging to the antelope family with the scientific prefix ‘Tragelaphus,’ meaning ‘goat’ in Latin, is distinguished by its large spiraling horns that extend backward and reach towards the sky.
Geographically widespread in Africa, these antelopes inhabit forests in southern and eastern regions.
Male kudus exhibit vocal behaviors such as gasping, hissing, clucking, and grunting, while females are generally less vocal. Their coats vary from tan to bluish-gray to reddish-brown, adorned with white vertical stripes numbering between four and twelve along their torsos.
Most kudu horns possess two and a half twists, although rare individuals may display three full twists. Males grow beards, and their long twisted horns, reaching up to 71 inches (180 cm), are the longest among any antelope.
Scientific Name: Raphicerus campestris
How are they like Roan Antelope: Similar to the Roan Antelope, the steenbok possesses scent glands located in a black circle near its eyes.
Similar to the dik-dik and the oribi, the steenbok is an elegant and dainty antelope native to southern and eastern Africa. Standing at just about two feet tall at the shoulder, it features large eyes and rabbit-like ears.
The steenbok’s fawn-colored fur is adorned with white accents on its chin, throat, and eyes.
Typically solitary, they mark their territories with scent markings and seek out other steenboks during mating season. Male steenboks engage in displays of aggression to attract a mate.
In the face of predators, steenboks employ sudden leaps and a zigzag running pattern. They often hide in tall grass, relying on camouflage to avoid detection by their predators.
Scientific Name (genus): Madoqua
How are they like Roan Antelope: An unusual characteristic of the dik-dik is its long snout that resembles a Roan Antelope.
The delicate-looking dik-dik is a slender, long-legged antelope native to the bushlands of southern and eastern Africa. Characterized by its dainty body, slim face, and distinctive outlined eyes, the dik-dik stands out as one of the more adorable members of the antelope family.
Named after the sound females make when sounding a danger alarm, dik-diks average between 12 and 15 inches tall at the shoulder, with females being noticeably larger than males, weighing approximately 6 kgs (13 lbs).
Their height is accentuated by long legs, aiding in their escape from predators. Dik-diks can reach speeds of up to 26 miles per hour.
Interestingly, the dik-dik gets its name from the unique sound it produces when in danger.
Scientific Name (genus): Redunca
How are they like Roan Antelope: Similar to the Roan Antelope, reedbucks can sprint for short distances and perform high bounds to evade predators.
A distinctive trait shared by the three species of reedbuck, medium-sized African antelopes, is the forward curvature of horns in males. Named after their habitats, the southern reedbuck, the mountain reedbuck, and the bohor reedbuck are found in various regions of sub-Saharan Africa’s grasslands and savannas.
The reedbuck’s height ranges from 25 to 41 inches, with males slightly larger than females, depending on the species and location.
Coat colors differ among the species, with the mountain reedbuck sporting a brownish-gray hue, the bohor reedbuck displaying more golden fur, and the southern reedbuck exhibiting a lighter tan color.
Notably, the hind legs of reedbucks are significantly more muscular and powerful than their front legs, facilitating quick jumps and sudden bursts of speed.
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Scientific Name: Tragelaphus angasii
How are they like Roan Antelope: The nyala features longer, shaggier fur compared to the short, sleek fur seen on the Roan Antelope and other antelope species.
A sizable antelope boasting a spiral horn, the nyala is native to southern Africa, closely resembling its relatives, the goats.
Notably, the nyala exhibits the most significant size difference between males and females, with males potentially being a foot taller than their female counterparts. Male nyalas showcase brown or gray fur, while females sport brown fur adorned with over ten white vertical stripes on their flanks.
Male nyalas are characterized by spiral horns, while females are hornless. The horns typically have one or two twists, setting them apart from kudus.
Furthermore, male nyalas possess scent glands on their feet, leaving their scent behind as they move through their surroundings.
Africa is home to the largest variety of antelope species.
Belonging to the same family as deer, goats, bison, and sheep, antelopes are prey for carnivorous predators in Africa, including lions, hyenas, wild dogs, and cheetahs. Despite this, antelopes have evolved to utilize speed as a crucial tool for escaping predators
The Roan Antelope, in particular, stands out as a swift sprinter, relying on short bursts of speed to successfully evade threats in the African wilderness.
Roan Antelope, dik-diks, oribi, and other African antelopes are not only functional but also beautiful and graceful animals. Slender and petite, many of these antelopes exhibit striking colorations and distinctive horns, enhancing their overall beauty.
1. Which Animals Resemble the Roan Antelope?
Animals resembling the Roan Antelope include Duiker, Impala, Oribi, Klipspringer, Eland, Greater Kudu, Steenbok, Dik-Dik, Reedbuck, and Nyala.
2. Are there different types of antelope?
Yes, there are 91 antelope species, with the majority native to Africa, distributed across approximately 30 genera. Antelopes are not a cladistic or taxonomically defined group, and their classification is a matter of ongoing debate.
3. Are Roan antelopes rare?
Yes, the Roan Antelope is considered a rare and endangered species. It has a patchy distribution in savannah ecosystems south of the Sahara Desert, and due to historical hunting pressures, it now exists only in areas where strict conservation measures are applied.
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